Animation 1 - The Island Universes



Synopsis

 


Immanuel Kant's bold and imaginative " Island Universes" hypothesis states that stars do not fill outer space in some random manner, but rather they are organized in huge clouds, held together by their gravity and flattened by rotation. What he called " island universes" we now call galaxies. This hypothesis explains both the appearance of the Milky Way in the night sky, as well as the appearance of small faint nebulae that astronomers began to find in increasing numbers with the aid of telescopes.



Script

 


ver 1 - August 26, 2006 (read)
ver 2 - April 10, 2007 (read)
ver 3 - April 27, 2007 (read)
* Final script (read)



Storyboard

 


ver 1 - August 27, 2006 (read)
ver 2 - March 10, 2007 (read)
ver 3 - April 20, 2007 (read)
ver 4 - May 18, 2007 (read)
* Final Stroyboard (read)



Animatic

 


ver 1 - February 14, 2007 (watch)
ver 2 - May 11, 2007 (watch)



Animation

 


Sunset at the Griffith park Observatory

The first animation starts with the sunset scene at the Griffith Park Observatory. I planned this animation was first shown to students who were living near the Los Angeles area. I chose some familiar and recognizable site for them. The Griffith Park Observatory is one of the popular tourist attractions in the Los Angeles area. And by the time I started work on the project, they just reopened the planetarium and I saw the great show there, and had a chance to talk with the creators. It inspired me in many ways.

test 1 - January 01, 2007 - image manipulation (watch)
simulation 1- January 04, 2007 - LA (watch) - simulate with the Sky 5
simulation 2 - January 22, 2007 - LA (read) - research by Jillian Tromp (Astronomy physics student)
test 2 - Feburary 28, 2007 - sunset at the downtown LA (watch)
test 3 - March 07, 2007 - sunset from the CSULA library (watch) - film by Hailong Dong (Art student)
photograph - April 13, 2007 - Griffth park observatory (watch)
test 4 - photograph editing (watch)
simulation 3 - guide (watch) - Feburary 21, 2008 - simulate with Starry Night Pro 6
simulation 4 - magnitute 2 (watch) - simulate with the Sky 5
simulation 5 - magnitute 6 (watch) - simulate with the Sky 5
simulation 6 - magnitute 9 (watch) - simulate with the Sky 5
test 5- sunset at the Griffith park Observatory (watch)

Cat scene

test 1 - cat silhouette animation (watch)
test 2 - cat silhouette drawing (watch)
test 3 - cat silhouette animation (watch) - edit with Flash CS3
test 4 - guide (read) - research by Jillian Tromp (Astronomy physics student)
test 5 - guide lines (watch) - edit with Flash CS3
test 6 - cat scene (watch)

Solar system & Milky Way map scene

test 1 - (watch) - modeling and texturing by Hailong Dong (Art student) with Maya
test 2 - (watch)

3d Room scene

test 1 - telescope (watch)
test 2 - Kant's eye (watch)
test 3 - Kant's book animation (watch) - with Maya
test 4 - 3d room (watch) - with Maya
test 5 - Katn's room (watch) - with Maya

Kant's silhouette & Milky Way scene

test 1 - Kant silhouette drawing (watch)
test 2 - Kant silhouette animation (watch)
test 3 - Kant silhouette animation (watch) - by Javier Zumaeta (Art student) with Flash CS3
test 4 - guide (watch) - Kalinigrad November 13, 1755 - simulate with Starry Night Pro 6


Gravity & Centrifugal force scene

test 1 - 2d (read) - research by Daniel Guzman (Astronomy physics student)
test 2 - 3d (watch)
test 3 - 3d particle (watch)
test 4 - 3d (watch)
test 5 - Kalinigrad silhouette drawing (watch)
test 6 - Kant silhouette animation (watch) - by Javier Zumaeta (Art student) with Flash CS3
test 7 - Milkyway (watch) - by Alvin Manning (Art student) with Maya
test 8 - Milkyway (watch) - by Alvin Manning (Art student) with Maya
test 9 - Milkyway (watch) - with Maya
test 10 - Milkyway (watch) - with Maya
test 11 - MIlkyway (watch) - with Maya

3d Room scene

test 1 - drawing (watch)
test 2 - drawing (watch)
test 3 - 3d room (watch)
test 4 - 3d room (watch)
test 5 - candle (watch)
test 6 - galaxy (watch)
test 7 - galaxy (watch)
test 8 - (watch)

Ending scene

test 1 - Kant silhouette animation (watch)
test 2 - Kant silhouette animation (watch) - by Javier Zumaeta (Art student) with Flash CS3



Environment

 


Software

Alias Maya, Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, Flash, Sound Forge, Final Cut Pro, Bisque the Sky

Hardware

Mac Dual-Core Intel Xeon



Public Release


 


DVD (watch)

DVD case (watch)
DVD disk (watch)
DVD inside book (watch)

Youtube

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AXWuvMoLWzI

Podcast

http://sci-vi.calstatela.edu/SciVi_web/animation/podcast.xml



Resource

 


Griffith Park Observatory


http://www.griffithobs.org/

Distance

Ohio state University (Audio Podcast) - Cosmic Distance
http://www.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/~pogge/Ast162/Unit4/cosdist.html

Northern Arizona University - Milky way and Galaxies
http://www.astrobio.nau.edu/~koerner/ast180/lectures/lec22.html

Berkeley University of California - Galaxies
http://cse.ssl.berkeley.edu/bmendez/ay10/2002/notes/lec16.html

Thomas Digges map

http://www.stanford.edu/dept/relstud/faculty/gelber/body/2d/13.04PostCopernUniv.jpg

http://outreach.atnf.csiro.au/education/senior/astrophysics/images/photometry/herschellmwayd.jpg

Immanuel Kant

http://www.philosophypages.com/
http://www.kant.uni-mainz.de/Ikono.htm
http://www.baltma.ru/countries/kaliningrad/trips/kaliningrad.html
Note on Kant's Astronomy http://www.friesian.com/kant.htm#note-1

Koenigberg
(Kaliningrad 1755 Prussia)
http://www.deutsche-schutzgebiete.de/koenigsberg.htm

Allgemeine Naturgeschichte und Theorie Des Himmels
( Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens )


Immanuel Kant, Arthur J. von Oettingen
German http://www.mala.bc.ca/~johnstoi/kant/kant2g.htm
English http://www.mala.bc.ca/~johnstoi/kant/kant2e.htm

Kant's Other Books

Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten 1785 first edition
http://home.wlu.edu/~mahonj/FirstEditionsKantGroundwork.htm

Die Metaphysik der Sitten 1797 first edition
http://home.wlu.edu/~mahonj/FirstEditionsKantMetaphysicsofMorals.htm

Logik 1980
http://www.parkhurstrarebooks.com/pb.0331.jpg

Critique of Pure Reason 1781
http://www.biografica.info/fotos/KAN3.png
http://www.zeigermann.com/cartoonist/images/2005/09/25/kant.jpg
http://www.justincroft.com/photos/480/full/480.jpg
1766 http://www.wlb-stuttgart.de/referate/theologie/imkant01.jpg

Late 18c Fashion
http://www.german-hosiery-museum.de/geschichte/geschichte_10.htm http://www.eupedia.com/gallery/showgallery.php/cat/557


18c Telescope

Antique Telescopes
http://www.antiquetelescopes.org/

Antique Scientific Instruments & Collectibles
http://www.arsmachina.com/default.htm

Antique Telescope Society
http://webari.com/oldscope/

Museo della Specola
(Athenaeum Museum System - University of Bologna)
http://boas3.bo.astro.it/dip/Museum/english/index_12.html

History of the Telescope & Binocular
http://www.europa.com/~telscope/binotele.htm

Galileo's Telescope
http://cnx.org/content/m11932/latest/

Replications of the Galileo's Telescope for TV show
http://www.scitechantiques.com/

History of the Telescope
http://www.astrosurf.com/re/history_telescope.html

Historische Geräte der Sternwarte Babelsberg
http://www.aip.de/~lie/AUSSTELLUNG/KATALOGE/HG/hg.html

History of the Telescope
http://www.vectorsite.net/tascope.html

18C Astronomers
http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/hst/scientific-identity/index.htm


 


Page Turning Animation


Real book - page turning by wind
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Diz8_aA5thw
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=70hfDWzixmA
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nr7uCNrKw0g
by hand http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oCL86ixU9-M

3d page turning... less cartoon-ish
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eQQorNhD2M8
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N5E0oO4-5is

Others..
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yGJGOho84rM
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PKLWt_x5hBU
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UpBeJ5owcIs
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VZ7H1Ef8SyU

http://www.lightwave-scientific.co.uk/
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HZlK3d9Knt0
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uXnYxOMgDq0

Maya
http://www.highend3d.com/maya/tutorials/animating/266.html

After Effects
http://forums.creativecow.net/articles/kramer_andrew/flipbook/flipbook.htm

Flash
http://www.pageflip.hu/
http://www.oreillynet.com/pub/a/javascript/2004/09/03/flashhacks.html
http://www.flashpageflip.com/
http://page-flip.com/

Walking Circle

http://www.idleworm.com/how/anm/02w/walk1.shtml

Final Cut pro
http://www.lafcpug.org/Tutorials/basic_its_alive.html

After Effects
http://library.creativecow.net/articles/ebberts_dan/layer_looping.php



Credits

 


Star animation

Used with permission : Simulated by the Sky, Bisque

Thomas Digges map (1576)
An illustration of the Copernican universe from Thomas Digges' book, A Perfit Description of the Caelestiall Orbes. This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to the United States, Canada, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.

Painted portrait of Immanuel Kant
This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to the United States, Canada, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.
http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/History/Carnegie/kant/

Immanuel Kant Portrait (1975)
Antiquariatskatalog des Antiquariats Stenderhoff & Co in Münster: Immanuel Kant und seine Zeit
http://www.kant.uni-mainz.de/

Most-Distant Galaxy Candidates in the Hubble Ultra Deep Field
Credit: NASA, ESA, R. Windhorst (Arizona State University) and H. Yan (Spitzer Science Center, Caltech) This file is in the public domain because it was created by NASA. NASA copyright policy states that NASA material is not protected by copyright unless noted.
http://www.spacetelescope.org/images/html/opo0428b.html



 


This animation is based upon work supported by the California State University Los Angeles and by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0622933. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the California State University or the National Science Foundation. Materials on this animation is copyright by the Scientific Visualization Laboratory, California State University Los Angeles. Copyright for images marked "copyright uncertain" is unknown, but assumed to be in the public domain because of the age of the image. If you believe that you own the rights to any of the images I use, please contact me and I will either withdraw that picture or add an acknowledgement.