Animation 2 - The Cepheids



Synopsis

 


Henrietta Leavitt discovered the relation between the period and luminosity of cepheid variable stars. By using Henrietta's discovery, astronomers can estimate the distances to these stars and thus to their home galaxies. Her discovery became one of the foundations of modern cosmology.



Script

 


ver 1 - September 26, 2007 (read)
ver 2 - October 10, 2007 (read)
ver 3 - July 08, 2008 (read)
* Final Script (read)



Storyboard

 


ver 1 - September 27, 2007 (read)
ver 2 - October 24, 2007 (read)
ver 3 - May 07, 2008(read)
* Final Storyboard (read)



Animatic

 


ver 1 - October 04, 2007 (watch)
ver 2 - October 25, 2007 (watch)



Animation

 


Sunset at the Harvard College Observatory

test 1 - photograph editing (watch)
test 2 - (watch)
test 3 - (watch)

Magnifying glass

test 1 - (watch)
test 2 - (watch) - with After Effects
test 3 - (watch) - with Maya

3d Room at the Harvard College Observatory

test 1 - 2d cutout (watch)
test 2 - 3d room animation (watch) - animated by Javier Zumaeta (Art student) with Maya
test 3 - 3d room background (watch)
test 4 - 2d cutout (watch)
test 5 - 3d cutout (watch)
test 6 - (watch) - animated and render by Grigor Dzhambazyan (Art student) with Maya

Milkyway & Ship scene

test 1- black board (watch) - with Final Cut Pro
simulataion 1 - Milky Way (watch) - simulate with the Sky 5
test 2 - (watch) - with Flash CS3
test 3 - ship silhouette (watch)
test 4 - ship silhouette animation (watch)
test 5 - ship silhouette animation (watch) - with After Effects
test 6 - ship silhouette animation (watch) - with After Effects
test 7 - ship silhouette animation (watch) - with After Effects


Photo plate & Photometery scene

test 1 - 3d test (watch) - with Maya
test 2 - with cutout (watch)
test 3 - (watch) - with Maya and After Effects
test 4 - (watch) - with Maya and After Effects

Variable stars graph

test 1 - on the blackboard (watch) - with Final Cut Pro
test 2 - (watch) - with Final Cut Pro
test 3 - (watch) - with Final Cut Pro
test 4 - (watch) - simulate by Julia Yefimenko (Computer science student) with Maya mel script

Period and Luminosity Relationship graph

test 1 - (read) - research by Astronomy physics student2
test 2 - (read) - research by Astronomy physics student2
test 3 - (read) - research by Astronomy physics student2
test 4 - (read) - research by Astronomy physics student2
test 5 - (read) - research by Astronomy physics student2
test 6 - (watch) - with Final Cut Pro
test 7 - (watch) - simulate by Julia Yefimenko (Computer science student) with Maya mel script


Constellations scene

test 1 - (watch)
test 2 - (watch) - with After Effects

Henrietta room with a book

test 1 - page turning (watch)
test 2 - Page turning (watch)
test 3 - 3d book (watch)
test 4 - page turning (watch)
test 5 - page turning (watch) - by Grigor Dzhambazyan (Art student) with Maya
test 6 - page turning (watch)
test 7 - (watch)

test 1 - 100-inch hooker telescope (watch) - by Yet Chu (Art student) with Maya
test 2 - Hubble space telescope (watch)



Environment

 


Software

Alias Maya, Renderman, Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, Flash, After Effects

Hardware

Mac Dual-Core Intel Xeon


Public Release


 


DVD

DVD case cover (watch)
DVD disk cover (watch)
DVD inside book (watch)

Youtube

..

Podcast

..



Resource

 


Harvard College Observatory & Harvard station in Peru


Johnson, George (2007, July 10), A Trip Back in Time and Space. New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/10/science/10astro.html

Fernie, J. Donald (2001, October), Harvard in Peru III. American Scientist, Volum 89, Number 5 (pp.402)
http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/pub/2001/9/harvard-in-peru-iii

Grier, David Alan (2005, Feburary 22), When Computers Were Human, Princeton University Press

Woman Working 1800-1930
http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/ww/index.html
The Harvard University Library Open Collections Program

The American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO)
http://www.aavso.org/aavso/meetings/groups.shtml

Fraknoi, Andrew (2008), Women in Astronomy : An Introductory Resource Guide, Astronomical Society of the Pacific
http://www.astrosociety.org/education/resources/womenast_bib.html

Henrietta Leavitt


Johnson, George (2005, June 13), Miss Leavitt's Stars: The Untold Story of the Woman Who Discovered How to Measure the Universe, W. W. Norton & Company.

http://www.mada.org.il/website/html/eng/2_1_1-31.htm

Photometry

History of Photometry in Astronomical Observations, University of Virginia
http://www.astro.virginia.edu/~rjp0i/museum/photometry.html
http://www.astro.virginia.edu/~rjp0i/museum/brashblink.html

Variable Stars

Leavitt, Henrietta S (1908), 1777 Variables in the Magellanic Clouds, Annals of Harvard College Observatory (15: 87)

Edward C. Pickering (1912, March 3), Periods of 25 Variable Stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud, Harvard College Observatory (Circular 173)
http://www.physics.ucla.edu/~cwp/articles/leavitt/leavitt.note.html

Ejnar Hertzsprung

m

Harlow Shapley

Nemiroff, Robert & Bonnell, Jerry (USRA), Great Debates in Astronomy : The Scale of the Universe
http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/diamond_jubilee/debate20.html

The Case Files : Harlow Shapley, the Franklin Institute
http://www.fi.edu/learn/case-files/shapley/

Shapley's Scientific Record
http://www.varchive.org/ce/shapley.htm


 


Magnifying Glass

After Effects
http://forums.creativecow.net/articles/rabinowitz_aharon/CC_Magnify/Tutorial/index.htm

Cut out Animation

South Park with Maya
http://www.spscriptorium.com/SPinfo/MakingOfSouthPark.htm

http://minyos.its.rmit.edu.au/aim/a_notes/01_cutouts_project.html
http://facweb.cs.depaul.edu/sgrais/cutout_animation.htm
http://www.nfb.ca/animation/objanim/en/techniques/paper-cut-outs.php



Credits

 


Harvard College Observatory, Cambridge (1897)

This media file is in the public domain in the United States. This applies to U.S. works where the copyright has expired, often because its first publication occurred prior to January 1, 1923.

Inside the Coma Cluster of Galaxies (2008)

http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap080616.html
This file is in the public domain because it was created byNASA, ESA, Hubble Heritage (STScI/AURA); Acknowledgment: D. Carter (LJMU) et al. and the Coma HST ACS Treasury Team. NASA copyright policy states that NASA material is not protected by copyright unless noted.

Observatory computer room and staff (1891)
http://ids.lib.harvard.edu/ids/view/2569663?buttons=Y
This material is owned, held, or licensed by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. It is being provided solely for the purpose of teaching or individual research. Any other use, including commercial reuse, mounting on other systems, or other forms of redistribution requires permission of the appropriate office of Harvard University.

Henrietta Leavitt

The photo is part of the Shapley Collection of the American Institute of Physics, Emilio Segrè Visual Archives. Photography by Margaret Harwood. This image is in the public domain in the United States.

Optical Image of Milky Way Galaxy panorama (2000)
Used with permission : Credit & Copyright by Axel Mellinger, University of Potsdam, Germany
http://www.phy.cmich.edu/people/mellinger/

Small Magellanic Cloud (2007)
Used with permission : Credit & Copyright by Stéphane Guisard
http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap071001.html

Map of Constellations of the Southern Hemisphere (1660-1661)
By Andreas Cellarius. This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to the United States, Canada, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.

Henrietta Leavitt & Annie Jump Cannon
Used with permission : Credit & Copyright by the American Institute of Physics, Emilio Segre Visual Archives, Shapley Collection.

Ejnar Hertzsprung

Used with permission : Credit & Copyright by the Urania Observatory
http://www.nafa.dk/Historie/Hertzsprung.htm

Harlow Shapley
This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to the United States, Canada, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.

Edwin Hubble reading at desk (1940)
Used with permission : Credit & Copyright by California Institute of Technology
http://opostaff.stsci.edu/~levay/presres/ehubble/

Hubble Space Telescope Key Project Team at the ASPEN center for Physics

Used with permission : Credit & Copyright by John P. Huchra
http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/~huchra/hubble/

Wendy Freedman at the Carnegie Observatories Open House (2004)
Used with permission : Credit & Copyright by the Observatories of Carnegie Institution of Washington
http://www.ociw.edu/ociw/publicity/links.htm

Pickering and the staffs at the Harvard-Smithsonian (1913, May 13)
Barbara L. Welther (1982), Pickering's Harem, Isis (Vol. 73, pp 94)



 


This animation is based upon work supported by the California State University Los Angeles and by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0622933. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the California State University or the National Science Foundation. Materials on this animation is copyright by the Scientific Visualization Laboratory, California State University Los Angeles. Copyright for images marked "copyright uncertain" is unknown, but assumed to be in the public domain because of the age of the image. If you believe that you own the rights to any of the images I use, please contact me and I will either withdraw that picture or add an acknowledgement.